In view of our recent findings that a truncated form of the envelope (Env) glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) was efficiently incorporated into MoMLV particles, we studied the generation of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMLV)/simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) pseudotypes. Unlike HIV-1, both the wild-type SIV Env and a truncated form, which lacks most of the cytoplasmic domain of the transmembrane glycoprotein, were incorporated into MoMLV particles and generated infectious retroviral vectors which could transduce CD4+ sMAGI macaque cells. The infection depended on target cell CD4 expression, and was neutralized by both soluble CD4 and sera from SIV-infected macaques. We also observed pseudotype-mediated gene transfer of a green fluorescent protein marker into the CD4+ CEMX174 and C8166 lymphoid cell lines. More importantly, primary human lymphocytes were also successfully transduced ex vivo by MoMLV/SIV pseudotypes, albeit at lower efficiency, and gene transfer was specifically restricted to the CD4+ subset. These findings demonstrate that MoMLV/SIV pseudotypes can be used to transduce cells which are susceptible to SIV infection, and thus might be advantageously employed in animal models for direct in vivo delivery of gene therapy-based approaches.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
- Flow cytometry
- SIV, retroviral vector
ASJC Scopus subject areas