Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis: A large case series with clinicopathological correlation

Franco Rongioletti, Jan Izakovic, Paolo Romanelli, Emma Lanuti, Mariya Miteva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE)-like papillary dermal elastolysis (PDE) is a rare acquired elastic tissue disorder. To date, less than 20 cases have been reported. Objective: We report a case series of 17 patients presenting with PXE-like PDE and discuss the clinicopathological correlation. Methods: Seventeen cases of PXE-like PDE were collected prospectively and evaluated for common demographic, clinical, and histopathological features. Results: All patients were women with a mean age of 61.8 years. The lateral sides and back of neck were the most common sites of involvement (100%), followed by the supraclavicular region (41.2%) and the axilla (35.3%). Systemic involvement was absent in all cases, and in 7 patients the discovery of PXE-like PDE was an incidental finding. The main histopathologic features included complete loss (82.4%) or marked reduction (17.6%) of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis and the presence of melanophages in the same zone (88.2%). Limitations: Our results require validation with a larger series. Conclusions: Our findings help to differentiate PXE-like PDE from similar elastic tissue disorders based on the selective elastic tissue elimination in the papillary dermis and the presence of melanophages in the same zone as a possible consequence of subclinical junctional photodamage. PXE-like PDE is likely underdiagnosed rather than rare, and dermatologists should be aware of its similarity to inherited PXE to spare unnecessary investigations because of the lack of systemic involvement. Clinicopathologic correlation is critical as hematoxylin-eosin staining is nonspecific and elastic tissue stains are necessary to make the correct diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

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Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum
Elastic Tissue
Skin
Dermis
Axilla
Incidental Findings
Hematoxylin
Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Coloring Agents
Neck
Demography
Staining and Labeling

Keywords

  • elastic tissue disorders
  • pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis : A large case series with clinicopathological correlation. / Rongioletti, Franco; Izakovic, Jan; Romanelli, Paolo; Lanuti, Emma; Miteva, Mariya.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 67, No. 1, 07.2012, p. 128-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rongioletti, Franco ; Izakovic, Jan ; Romanelli, Paolo ; Lanuti, Emma ; Miteva, Mariya. / Pseudoxanthoma elasticum-like papillary dermal elastolysis : A large case series with clinicopathological correlation. In: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2012 ; Vol. 67, No. 1. pp. 128-135.
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abstract = "Background: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE)-like papillary dermal elastolysis (PDE) is a rare acquired elastic tissue disorder. To date, less than 20 cases have been reported. Objective: We report a case series of 17 patients presenting with PXE-like PDE and discuss the clinicopathological correlation. Methods: Seventeen cases of PXE-like PDE were collected prospectively and evaluated for common demographic, clinical, and histopathological features. Results: All patients were women with a mean age of 61.8 years. The lateral sides and back of neck were the most common sites of involvement (100{\%}), followed by the supraclavicular region (41.2{\%}) and the axilla (35.3{\%}). Systemic involvement was absent in all cases, and in 7 patients the discovery of PXE-like PDE was an incidental finding. The main histopathologic features included complete loss (82.4{\%}) or marked reduction (17.6{\%}) of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis and the presence of melanophages in the same zone (88.2{\%}). Limitations: Our results require validation with a larger series. Conclusions: Our findings help to differentiate PXE-like PDE from similar elastic tissue disorders based on the selective elastic tissue elimination in the papillary dermis and the presence of melanophages in the same zone as a possible consequence of subclinical junctional photodamage. PXE-like PDE is likely underdiagnosed rather than rare, and dermatologists should be aware of its similarity to inherited PXE to spare unnecessary investigations because of the lack of systemic involvement. Clinicopathologic correlation is critical as hematoxylin-eosin staining is nonspecific and elastic tissue stains are necessary to make the correct diagnosis.",
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