Psoriasis plaque test with confocal microscopy: Evaluation of different microscopic response pathways in NSAID and steroid treated lesions

Marco Ardigò, Marina Agozzino, Caterina Longo, Andrea Conti, Vito Di Lernia, Enzo Berardesca, Giovanni Pellacani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Pathophysiology of psoriasis is complex and characterized by microscopic, specific changes. In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) provides tissue and cell morphology information in non-invasive way, generating quasi-histologic resolution. Concerning plaque psoriasis, confocal criteria have been described disclosing high agreement between RCM and conventional histology. Objective: We sought to evaluate the in vivo microscopic changes in plaque psoriasis occurring during treatment with two distinct actives (aceclofenac and betamethason). Methods: A total of 32 patients with psoriasis were recruited. Two lesions from the same body area or symmetrical were evaluated at baseline and after 3-6 weeks by RCM. Results: Aceclofenac induced clinical improvement in 32% of patients after 3 weeks and in 76% after 6 weeks. With betamethason, at the end of the 3rd week, the 45% of patients showed improvement that increased to 81% at the end of the study. Single confocal criteria was evaluated and results underwent to statistical analysis considering the modification of the microscopical changes during the two treatments. Conclusion: RCM followed the microscopic changes during treatment and enabled to differentiate effects of different actives. Although data are preliminary and based on a limited sample, aceclofenac seems to be effective in the treatment for psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
JournalSkin Research and Technology
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Plaque psoriasis
  • Reflectance confocal microscopy
  • Therapeutical follow-up
  • Topical treatments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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