Psychologic factors in chronic headache: assessment by means of the SCL-90-R inventory.

F. M. Puca, F. Antonaci, S. Genco, M. A. Savarese, G. Piazzolla, M. P. Prudenzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A survey of the psychologic profile of 540 chronic headache cases, including migraine, tension, and mixed headache, has been carried out with the symptom check list (SCL)-90-R inventory. The results obtained were viewed in relation to sex, age, illness onset, and illness duration. Females showed a positive correlation of somatization with present age and with age at onset of illness and a negative correlation of interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, and paranoid ideation with present age and age at onset of illness. Men showed a negative correlation of obsessive-compulsive and paranoid scores with age and a positive correlation between onset of illness and somatization. Data were also analyzed by cluster analysis, which showed underpopulation with peculiar patterns of symptom profile. A prospective, long-term epidemiologic study could provide more conclusive results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-51
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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