Psychological and adjustment problems due to acquired brain lesions in pediatric patients: A comparison of vascular, infectious, and other origins

Valentina Pastore, Susanna Galbiati, Federica Villa, Katia Colombo, Monica Recla, Annarita Adduci, Paolo Avantaggiato, Alessandra Bardoni, Sandra Strazzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe psychological, behavioral, and adjustment problems in children and adolescents with acquired brain lesions of different origins. Three groups of patients with acquired brain lesions (15 patients with infectious origin, 37 with vascular origin, and 15 with other origin), ranging in age from 4 to 18 years, received a psychological evaluation, including the Child Behavior Checklist for ages 4 to 18 and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale. About half of the total sample (47.8%) showed psychological problems. Difficulties varied according to the cause of the brain lesions. The most problematic patients were children with brain lesions of infectious origin, whereas children with brain lesions of vascular origin scored lower on most of the Child Behavior Checklist scales. The authors conclude that psychological and behavioral difficulties are very common among school-aged children with acquired brain lesions, and their relevance and impact must necessarily be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1664-1671
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Brain injuries
  • Child
  • Psychological adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

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