Aspetti psicologici e sociali nelle donne con sindrome X.

Translated title of the contribution: Psychological and social aspects in women with syndrome X

A. Corlando, P. Marraccini, R. Gistri, R. Lorenzoni, P. Camici

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A sizeable proportion (20-30%) of patients undergoing coronary arteriography for a chest pain syndrome are found to have angiographically normal coronary arteries. Some of these subjects (10-15%) have ischemic-like electrocardiographic changes during stress and no evidence of spasm of the epicardial coronary arteries (syndrome X). The vast majority of these patients are middle aged females. In the present investigation we evaluated the psychological and social characteristics of a group of patients with syndrome X (PX, n = 30). The results obtained in the PX group were compared with those in a sex and age matched group of patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease (PI, n = 32) and with those in a group of control subjects (C, n = 29). Two original questionnaires were employed to collect the demographic and family data. The psychological data were obtained through the following 4 questionnaires: Symptom Rating Test (SRT); Symptom Questionnaire (SQ); Illness Behaviour Questionnaire (IBQ); Maudsley Personality Inventory (MPI). The results of our study indicated that in most of the patients with syndrome X the psychological and social conditions are similar and they are not compatible with a satisfactory lifestyle. In most cases both family and social difficulties are present, which impose excessive workload and distress on the patients. Very often the beginning of the chest pain history tends to coincide with the periods of greatest stress and with the occurrence of dramatic events in the family. On the other hand, the onset of symptoms often has the effect of releasing some of the environmental pressure on the patient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Translated title of the contributionPsychological and social aspects in women with syndrome X
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)705-712
Number of pages8
JournalGiornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Corlando, A., Marraccini, P., Gistri, R., Lorenzoni, R., & Camici, P. (1991). Aspetti psicologici e sociali nelle donne con sindrome X. Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia, 21(7), 705-712.