Psychological factors and self-rated health: An observative study on cardiological patients

Claudia Chiavarino, Chiara Poggio, Franco Rusconi, Anna Angela Rachele Beretta, Stefano Aglieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the association of illness representations, awareness of bodily states and health complaints to self-rated health in N = 150 consecutive patients with heart disease (ischaemic disease, heart failure and heart valve disease) and explored differences between ‘health optimist’ and ‘health pessimist’ patients. After controlling for medical variables, health complaints accounted for 14.2 per cent of patients’ self-rated health, and illness representations contributed for another 16.2 per cent; body awareness was not associated with self-rated health. Also, ‘optimists’ tended to see less negative consequences from their illness and perceived greater control over illness treatment compared to ‘pessimists’. Targeting symptoms and illness representations may optimize rehabilitation outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • body sensations
  • functional status
  • health congruence
  • illness perception
  • perceived health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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