Psychological health in long-term cancer survivorship: an Italian survey on depression and anxiety

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Since long-term survivorship is now a reality for an increasingly number of people with a history of cancer, understanding their psychological health can inform health care policy as well as help supporting individual patients. This study was aimed to describe depression and anxiety (i.e. two of the most common psychological symptoms reported in oncology) in a sample of Italian long-term cancer survivors (LTCSs) defined as people who have been free from cancer and cancer treatments for at least five years. Four hundred and four Italian adult LTCSs completed a battery of questionnaires including the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale and the State Anxiety sub-scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory respectively for depression and anxiety assessment. 16.5% of the sample displayed mild depression, 11.1% moderate depression, and 7.1% severe depression. depression was negatively associated with education (p = .017), perceived social support as provided by the family (p = .028), and perceived social support provided by friends (p = .008), and it was positively associated with occupational status (p = .023), presence of health issues (p = .010), and anxiety (p 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology, Health and Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Anxiety
  • cancer survivorship
  • depression
  • oncology
  • psychological health
  • adult
  • aged
  • anxiety
  • female
  • health survey
  • human
  • Italy
  • male
  • middle aged
  • neoplasm
  • psychology
  • statistics and numerical data
  • survivor
  • very elderly
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Depression
  • Depressive Disorder
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms
  • Survivors


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