Psychological Profile and Distinct Salivary Cortisol Awake Response (CAR) in Two Different Study Populations with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSC)

Fabio Scarinci, Francesca Romana Patacchioli, Cristina Mihaela Ghiciuc, Vittorio Pasquali, Raluca Mihaela Bercea, Sebastian Cozma, Mariacristina Parravano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) are in terms of nosography different pathologies, however they share a stress-related physio-pathogenetic component, not yet explored in depth. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to ascertain whether OSA and CSC share a common profile, specifically in cortisol production focusing on the cortisol awake response (CAR), the area under curve (AUCCAR) and the SLOPECAR compared with healthy matched controls. Furthermore, standardized self-administered questionnaires were used to identify mental health status related to depression, anxiety and subjective stress perception levels in the study populations. The results showed hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity anomalies, represented by a flattening CAR in the OSA group and a statistically significant increase in cortisol production in CSC patients at awakening. This disarrangement of the HPA axis activity associated with elevated distress and mental health scores, and its presence in both patients with OSA and patients with CSC, might represent the shared path explaining the stress-related component in these diseases. Further research is needed to investigate the psycho-neuro-endocrinological aspects of OSA and CSC to determine whether psychoeducation on effective stress coping strategies might be of value in improving the quality of life of OSA and CSC patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 3 2020

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