Psychological variables and adjustment to illness in subjects undergoing bone marrow transplantation

C. Bressi, E. Capra, V. Brambilla, G. Lambertenghi Deliliers, D. Soligo, G. Invernizzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the psychological status and adaptive responses during stay in hospital of 20 patients suffering from various neoplasmatic blood diseases who underwent bone marrow transplantation. The following tests were administered: Beck, STAI XI-X2, MMPI, and RIS (Reaction-to-Illness Scale), which is a questionnaire that assess patient adjustment to illness. From the results there emerges an overall picture of good adjustment on the part of patients during their stay in hospital. It was possible to identify certain personality traits that these patients had in common: hysteria, hypochondria, depression and social withdrawal. Certain personality traits and modalities of coping proved more predictive of depression and poor adjustment: 1. Advanced age; 2. History of relapse; 3. Long duration of illness; 4. Vision of the illness as a stressful event which has adversely modified the patient's personality and image of himself; 5. Locus of external control; 6. Pessimistic attitude to life. 7. Dissatisfaction and preoccupation for unrealized ambitions and desires of success; 8. Expressions of criticism of self.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-37
Number of pages13
JournalNew Trends in Experimental and Clinical Psychiatry
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • adjustment to illness
  • bone marrow transplantation
  • psychological variables
  • Reaction-to-Illness Scale (RIS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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