Psychology with soft computing: An integrated approach and its applications

Alessandro G. Di Nuovo, Vincenzo Catania, Santo Di Nuovo, Serafino Buono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Soft computing techniques proved to be successful in many application areas. In this paper we investigate the application in psychopathological field of two well known soft computing techniques, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms (GAs). The investigation started from a practical need: the creation of a tool for a quick and correct classification of mental retardation level, which is needed to choose the right treatment for rehabilitation and to assure a quality of life that is suitable for the specific patient condition. In order to meet this need we researched an adaptive data mining technique that allows us to build interpretable models for automatic and reliable diagnosis. Our work concerned a genetic fuzzy system (GFS), which integrates a classical GA and the fuzzy C-means (FCM) algorithm. This GFS, called genetic fuzzy C-means (GFCM), is able to select the best subset of features to generate an efficient classifier for diagnostic purposes from a database of examples. Additionally, thanks to an extension of the FCM algorithm, the proposed technique could also handle databases with missing values. The results obtained in a practical application on a real database of patients and comparisons with established techniques showed the efficiency of the integrated algorithm, both in data mining and completion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-837
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Soft Computing Journal
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

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Keywords

  • Automatic diagnosis
  • Feature selection
  • Fuzzy C-means
  • Genetic fuzzy systems
  • Missing data analysis
  • Wechsler QI scales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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