Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children (SPAI-C): A sample of Italian school-aged children from the general population

Anna Ogliari, Simona Scaini, Michael J. Kofler, Valentina Lampis, Annalisa Zanoni, Paola Pesenti-Gritti, Chiara A M Spatola, Marco Battaglia, Deborah C. Beidel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Reliable and valid self-report questionnaires could be useful as initial screening instruments for social phobia in both clinical settings and general populations. The present study investigates the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children (SPAI-C) in a sample of 228 children from the Italian general population aged 8 to 11. The children were asked to complete the Italian version of the SPAI-C and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that social phobia can be conceptualized as a unitary construct consisting of five distinct but interrelated symptom clusters named Assertiveness, General Conversation, Physical/Cognitive Symptoms, Avoidance, and Public Performance. Internal consistency of the SPAI-C total scores and two subscales was good; correlations between SPAI-C total scores and SCARED total scores/subscales ranged from moderate to high (Generalized Anxiety Disorder, for social phobia), with the SCARED Social Phobia subscale as the best predictor of SPAI-C total scores. The results indicate that the SPAI-C is a reliable and sensitive instrument suitable for identifying Social Phobia in the young Italian general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-59
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Children
  • Psychometric properties
  • Self assessment instrument
  • Social anxiety
  • SPAI-C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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