Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour

An interactive effect?

G. Bertolotti, E. Sanavio, E. Angelino, P. Seghizzi, G. Vidotto, O. Bettinardi, A. M. Zotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The greater reactivity in Type A subjects is a controversial issue. It is possible that anxiety, neuroticism and depression interact with Type A behaviour pattern, giving rise to different psychophysiological reactivity. To evaluate this hypothesis we studied 70 Italian healthy male volunteers. All were blue-collar workers. Cardiac health was confirmed by a detailed family and medical history. Individual assessment included the Structured Interview, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Depression Questionnaire (QD). To assess cardiac (rate-pressure product) and electrodermic (skin conductance level) psychophysiological reactivity we used the following tasks: (1) Interactive Concentration Test (ICT); (2) Mental Arithmetic (MAT); (3) Workside Noises (WN). In Type A(A1+A2) subjects a higher neuroticism score was associated with greater reactivity whereas in non A X+B) subjects a lower neuroticism score was associated with greater reactivity. Subjects classified as Type A with lower depression scores had greater cardiovascular responses, whereas in non A subjects higher depression scores were associated with greater reactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalStress Medicine
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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Depression
Medical History Taking
Anxiety
varespladib methyl
Personality
Noise
Healthy Volunteers
Interviews
Pressure
Equipment and Supplies
Skin
Neuroticism
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Cardiovascular reactivity.
  • Depression
  • Electrodermal reactivity
  • Neuroticism
  • Type A behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Bertolotti, G., Sanavio, E., Angelino, E., Seghizzi, P., Vidotto, G., Bettinardi, O., & Zotti, A. M. (1995). Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour: An interactive effect? Stress Medicine, 11(2), 123-129.

Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour : An interactive effect? / Bertolotti, G.; Sanavio, E.; Angelino, E.; Seghizzi, P.; Vidotto, G.; Bettinardi, O.; Zotti, A. M.

In: Stress Medicine, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1995, p. 123-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bertolotti, G, Sanavio, E, Angelino, E, Seghizzi, P, Vidotto, G, Bettinardi, O & Zotti, AM 1995, 'Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour: An interactive effect?', Stress Medicine, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 123-129.
Bertolotti G, Sanavio E, Angelino E, Seghizzi P, Vidotto G, Bettinardi O et al. Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour: An interactive effect? Stress Medicine. 1995;11(2):123-129.
Bertolotti, G. ; Sanavio, E. ; Angelino, E. ; Seghizzi, P. ; Vidotto, G. ; Bettinardi, O. ; Zotti, A. M. / Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour : An interactive effect?. In: Stress Medicine. 1995 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 123-129.
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