Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour: An interactive effect?

G. Bertolotti, E. Sanavio, E. Angelino, P. Seghizzi, G. Vidotto, O. Bettinardi, A. M. Zotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The greater reactivity in Type A subjects is a controversial issue. It is possible that anxiety, neuroticism and depression interact with Type A behaviour pattern, giving rise to different psychophysiological reactivity. To evaluate this hypothesis we studied 70 Italian healthy male volunteers. All were blue-collar workers. Cardiac health was confirmed by a detailed family and medical history. Individual assessment included the Structured Interview, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Depression Questionnaire (QD). To assess cardiac (rate-pressure product) and electrodermic (skin conductance level) psychophysiological reactivity we used the following tasks: (1) Interactive Concentration Test (ICT); (2) Mental Arithmetic (MAT); (3) Workside Noises (WN). In Type A(A1+A2) subjects a higher neuroticism score was associated with greater reactivity whereas in non A X+B) subjects a lower neuroticism score was associated with greater reactivity. Subjects classified as Type A with lower depression scores had greater cardiovascular responses, whereas in non A subjects higher depression scores were associated with greater reactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalStress Medicine
Volume11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Cardiovascular reactivity.
  • Depression
  • Electrodermal reactivity
  • Neuroticism
  • Type A behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Bertolotti, G., Sanavio, E., Angelino, E., Seghizzi, P., Vidotto, G., Bettinardi, O., & Zotti, A. M. (1995). Psychophysiological reactivity, depression, neuroticism and type A behaviour: An interactive effect? Stress Medicine, 11(2), 123-129.