Psychosis Incident Cohort Outcome Study (PICOS). A multisite study of clinical, social and biological characteristics, patterns of care and predictors of outcome in first-episode psychosis. Background, methodology and overview of the patient sample

A. Lasalvia, S. Tosato, P. Brambilla, M. Bertani, C. Bonetto, D. Cristofalo, S. Bissoli, K. De Santi, L. Lazzarotto, G. Zanatta, G. Marrella, R. Mazzoncini, M. Zanoni, N. Garzotto, C. Dolce, S. Nicolau, L. Ramon, C. Perlini, G. Rambaldelli, M. BellaniM. Tansella, M. Ruggeri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims. This paper aims at providing an overview of the background, design and initial findings of Psychosis Incident Cohort Outcome Study (PICOS). Methods. PICOS is a large multi-site population-based study on first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients attending public mental health services in the Veneto region (Italy) over a 3-year period. PICOS has a naturalistic longitudinal design and it includes three different modules addressing, respectively, clinical and social variables, genetics and brain imaging. Its primary aims are to characterize FEP patients in terms of clinical, psychological and social presentation, and to investigate the relative weight of clinical, environmental and biological factors (i.e. genetics and brain structure/functioning) in predicting the outcome of FEP. Results. An in-depth description of the research methodology is given first. Details on recruitment phase and baseline and follow-up evaluations are then provided. Initial findings relating to patients' baseline assessments are also presented. Future planned analyses are outlined. Conclusions. Both strengths and limitations of PICOS are discussed in the light of issues not addressed in the current literature on FEP. This study aims at making a substantial contribution to research on FEP patients. It is hoped that the research strategies adopted in PICOS will enhance the convergence of methodologies in ongoing and future studies on FEP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-303
Number of pages23
JournalEpidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

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Keywords

  • brain imaging
  • First-episode psychosis
  • follow-up study
  • genetics
  • outcome
  • predictors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Lasalvia, A., Tosato, S., Brambilla, P., Bertani, M., Bonetto, C., Cristofalo, D., Bissoli, S., De Santi, K., Lazzarotto, L., Zanatta, G., Marrella, G., Mazzoncini, R., Zanoni, M., Garzotto, N., Dolce, C., Nicolau, S., Ramon, L., Perlini, C., Rambaldelli, G., ... Ruggeri, M. (2012). Psychosis Incident Cohort Outcome Study (PICOS). A multisite study of clinical, social and biological characteristics, patterns of care and predictors of outcome in first-episode psychosis. Background, methodology and overview of the patient sample. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 21(3), 281-303. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796012000315