Psychosocial impact of sport activity in neuromuscular disorders

Gian Luca Vita, Claudia Stancanelli, Stefania La Foresta, Cristina Faraone, Maria Sframeli, Amanda Ferrero, Cinzia Fattore, Rosy Galbo, Manfredi Ferraro, Giulia Ricci, Stefano Cotti Piccinelli, Silvia Pizzighello, Massimiliano Filosto, Andrea Martinuzzi, Luca Padua, Giuseppe Trimarchi, Gabriele Siciliano, Tiziana Mongini, Maria Elena Lombardo, Angela BerardinelliGiuseppe Vita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrated the benefits of motor exercise and physical activity in neuromuscular disorders. However, very few papers assessed the effects of sport practise. The aim of this multicentre study was to assess the impact of sport activity on self-esteem and emotional regulation in a cohort of athletes with neuromuscular disorders. The 38 patients with Duchenne, Becker or other types of muscular dystrophy or spinal muscular atrophy practising sport (aged 13-49 years) and 39 age-, gender-, disability- and disease-matched patients not practising sport were enrolled. Testing procedures to assess self-esteem, anxiety and depression disorder, personality trait and quality of life (QoL) were used. Patients practising sport had a significantly higher self-esteem, lower level of depression, greater social own identity and adherence and QoL. Frequency of sport activity may represent a complementary therapy in neuromuscular disorders to improve mental and social well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2561-7
Number of pages7
JournalNeurol. Sci.
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 4 2020

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