Psychotic experiences and religiosity: data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample.

METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments.

RESULTS: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs.

CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-315
Number of pages10
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume137
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

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Health Surveys
Mental Health
Mental Disorders
Logistic Models
Adjustment Disorders
Social Adjustment
Qualitative Research
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Odds Ratio
Health
Global Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

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Psychotic experiences and religiosity : data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. / WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators.

In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Vol. 137, No. 4, 04.2018, p. 306-315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators. / Psychotic experiences and religiosity : data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2018 ; Vol. 137, No. 4. pp. 306-315.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample.METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments.RESULTS: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6{\%} (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs.CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.",
author = "{WHO World Mental Health Survey Collaborators} and V Kovess-Masfety and S Saha and Lim, {C C W} and S Aguilar-Gaxiola and A Al-Hamzawi and J Alonso and G Borges and {de Girolamo}, G and {de Jonge}, P and K Demyttenaere and S Florescu and Haro, {J M} and C Hu and Karam, {E G} and N Kawakami and S Lee and Lepine, {J P} and F Navarro-Mateu and Stagnaro, {J C} and {Ten Have}, M and Viana, {M C} and Kessler, {R C} and McGrath, {J J}",
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AU - Demyttenaere, K

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AU - Haro, J M

AU - Hu, C

AU - Karam, E G

AU - Kawakami, N

AU - Lee, S

AU - Lepine, J P

AU - Navarro-Mateu, F

AU - Stagnaro, J C

AU - Ten Have, M

AU - Viana, M C

AU - Kessler, R C

AU - McGrath, J J

N1 - © 2018 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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N2 - OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample.METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments.RESULTS: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs.CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Religiosity is often associated with better health outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine associations between psychotic experiences (PEs) and religiosity in a large, cross-national sample.METHODS: A total of 25 542 adult respondents across 18 countries from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were assessed for PEs, religious affiliation and indices of religiosity, DSM-IV mental disorders and general medical conditions. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between PEs and religiosity with various adjustments.RESULTS: Of 25 542 included respondents, 85.6% (SE = 0.3) (n = 21 860) respondents reported having a religious affiliation. Overall, there was no association between religious affiliation status and PEs. Within the subgroup having a religious affiliation, four of five indices of religiosity were significantly associated with increased odds of PEs (odds ratios ranged from 1.3 to 1.9). The findings persisted after adjustments for mental disorders and/or general medical conditions, as well as religious denomination type. There was a significant association between increased religiosity and reporting more types of PEs.CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with religious affiliations, those who reported more religiosity on four of five indices had increased odds of PEs. Focussed and more qualitative research will be required to unravel the interrelationship between religiosity and PEs.

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JF - Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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