Aspergillomas are fungal balls within lung cavities. The natural history is variable. Hemoptysis is a dangerous sequela. Medical therapy is ineffective because of the lack of a lesion blood supply. Randomized trials are lacking. Surgery should be the treatment of choice in cases of hemoptysis, and even in asymptomatic patients, if lung function is not severely compromised. Cavernostomy and cavernoplasty may be options for high-risk patients. Percutaneous therapy should be reserved for patients who are not fit for surgery. Bronchial artery embolization is appropriate for symptomatic patients not suitable for surgery. Embolization could be considered a preoperative and temporary strategy.
- Fungal infections
- Pulmonary mycetoma
- Thoracic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine