COMPLICANZE POLMONARI DA IMMUNOSOPPRESSIONE CON ANTICORPI MONOCLONALI (OKT3) NEI PAZIENTI SOTTOPOSTI A TRAPIANTO ORTOTOPICO DI FEGATO

Translated title of the contribution: Pulmonary complications of immunosuppression with monoclonal antibodies (OKT3) following orthotopic liver transplantation

R. Golfieri, E. Giampalma, A. Lalli, C. Sama, N. Venturoli, A. Mazziotti, G. Gozzetti, G. Gavelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The authors investigated the incidence of pulmonary complications following immunosuppression with monoclonal antibodies (OKT3) in a series of 100 consecutive cases of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Of 17 patients treated with OKT3 (16 for acute rejection and 1 for cyclosporine toxicity), 11 pulmonary infections were observed (65%), 9 of which (53%) with onset within a mean of 9 days after OKT3 administration. The infections were severe in all cases and lethal in 8 cases: the most common pathogens were candida (4 cases) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (3 cases). On the contrary, of 39 cases of rejection treated with steroids, infections were observed in 3 cases only (8%). The 53% incidence of pulmonary infections in OKT3 patients, significantly higher than in the extant patients (19%), confirms OKT3 treatment as a strong risk factor for severe pulmonary infections. Furthermore, the occurrence of pulmonary edema was directly related to OKT3 administration in 7 OKT3 patients (41%), whereas only 20 cases (24%) occurred in the extant OLT patients (p <0.001). OKT3-related pulmonary edema was always observed in hyperhydrated patients at the time of drug administration and it seemed to be related to the vasoactive myocardiotoxic agents related by damaged T-cells.

Translated title of the contributionPulmonary complications of immunosuppression with monoclonal antibodies (OKT3) following orthotopic liver transplantation
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
JournalRadiologia Medica
Volume87
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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