Pulmonary dysfunction in thalassaemia major: Is there any relationship with body iron stores?

Francesca Guidotti, Gioia Piatti, Alessia Marcon, Elena Cassinerio, Marianna Giuditta, Alberto Roghi, Valter Fasano, Dario Consonni, Maria Domenica Cappellini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although pulmonary function abnormalities in thalassaemia major (TM) were described in 1980, the pathogenetic mechanism is not clear and data are contradictory, probably because of study heterogeneity and the multifactorial nature of the pathogenesis. We retrospectively analysed 73 adult TM patients to evaluate the prevalence of pulmonary dysfunction in adult TM and investigate relationships with iron load. All patients underwent body plethysmography and carbon monoxide diffusion (DLCO) was assessed in 63, in addition to blood tests, echocardiogram and T2* myocardial and liver magnetic resonance imaging. Restrictive lung disease was present in 26 (35·6%) patients. Serum ferritin levels were higher in patients with restrictive pattern (1526 μg/l vs. 975 μg/l, P = 0·05). Restrictive lung disease did not correlate with cardiac or liver iron overload. However, considering only patients with serum ferritin >2500 μg/l, those with restrictive pattern also had heart (T2* 14·28 ± 9·99 ms vs. 31·59 ± 7·43 ms) and liver iron overload (LIC 16·02 ± 8·44 mg vs. 5·02 ± 2·69 mg Fe/g dry weight) compared to those without restrictive pattern. Twenty-five patients (39·7%) had decreased DLCO. No correlation was observed with iron parameters. In our data restrictive pattern was predominant; we observed a relationship with serum ferritin levels suggesting that iron, particularly its chronic effect, could play a role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-314
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume176
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Ferritin
  • Iron overload
  • Pulmonary function
  • Restrictive disease
  • Thalassaemia major

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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