Pulmonary endarterectomy in the octogenarian population: safety and outcomes

Valentina Grazioli, Stefano Ghio, Maurizio Pin, Antonio Sciortino, Anna Celentano, Giuseppe Silvaggio, Cristian Monterosso, Annalisa Turco, Catherine Klersy, Vera N. Merli, Benedetta Vanini, Andrea M. D'Armini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: Aim of the study was to verify the feasibility, safety and efficacy of pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) in octogenarian patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 635 chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients who underwent PEA at our center and were followed-up for at least 1 year. The end-points of the study were in-hospital mortality, hemodynamic results at 1 year and long-term survival. RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 4, 10 and 17%, respectively, for 259 patients under the age of 60 years, 352 aged between 60 and 79 years and 24 octogenarians (P = 0.006 octogenarians vs. <60 years). At multivariable analysis, age and pulmonary vascular resistances were independent risk factors for mortality (P = 0.021 and P < 0.001, respectively). At 1 year, the improvement in cardiac index was lower and the distance walked in 6 min was poorer for octogenarians than for the other two groups (both P = 0.001). Survival after hospital discharge was similar over a median follow-up period of 59 months (P = 0.113). Although in-hospital mortality and long-term survival are similar in octogenarians as compared with patients aged between 60 and 79, the improvement in cardiac index and in functional capacity at 1 year are lower in this very elderly population. CONCLUSION: Age over 80 years should not be a contraindication to PEA surgery in selected patients operated on in referral centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-571
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of cardiovascular medicine (Hagerstown, Md.)
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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