Pulmonary rehabilitation: Promising nonpharmacological approach for treating asthma?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of reviewAsthma is a heterogeneous disease, usually characterized by chronic airway inflammation with a history of respiratory symptoms that vary over time and in intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation. The goal of asthma treatment is to reach symptoms control, reduction in future risk and improvement in quality of life (QoL). Guideline-based pharmacologic therapies and the effect of inhaled steroids and bronchodilators have been widely studied over the past decades. We provide an overview of the available evidence on pulmonary rehabilitation as a nonpharmacologic therapy in asthmatic patients.Recent findingsRecently, some studies have highlighted the promising role of nonpharmacologic therapies in asthma, such as pulmonary rehabilitation demonstrating that a pulmonary rehabilitation programme consisting of exercise training, breathing retraining, educational and psychological support, improve exercise capacity, asthma control and QoL and reduce dyspnea, anxiety, depression and bronchial inflammation at any step of the disease.SummaryPulmonary rehabilitation shows positive results on exercise tolerance, respiratory symptoms and QoL in asthmatic patients at any steps of the diseases. However, additional information is required to better characterize rehabilitation programmes in order to improve clinical care in asthma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-84
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • asthma
  • breathing retraining
  • education
  • exercise training
  • psychological support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pulmonary rehabilitation: Promising nonpharmacological approach for treating asthma?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this