Pulmonary venous blood flow in the human fetus

D. Paladini, S. Palmieri, E. Celentano, F. Guida, M. Salviati, T. Morra, P. Martinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of recording pulmonary venous blood flow in the human fetus, and to evaluate its relationship with gestational age. We studied 152 singleton pregnancies between the 19th and 40th weeks of gestation. One hundred and one cases were studied cross-sectionally to gather data on color flow visualization, and 51 were studied longitudinally. The upper right pulmonary vein was interrogated by pulsed wave Doppler to assess pulmonary venous blood flow. On color Doppler, the upper right pulmonary vein could be imaged in 89.6% of cases in the peri-atrial tract and in 75% of cases within the lung. The upper left pulmonary vein could only be imaged in 8% of cases close to the atrium and in 41% of cases within the lung. Reliable velocity waveforms were obtained in 91% of cases. The mean systolic peak velocity was 22.19 ± 6.39 cm/s and the mean diastolic peak velocity was 22.1 ± 6.35 cm/s. Both in creased significantly with gestational age. Reversed enddiastolic blood flow was present in 18% of cases, regardless of gestational age and fetal heart rate. Expressed as a percentage of the forward flow velocity time integral, its value was 7.65 ± 5.2%. Our data seem to confirm the presence of pulsatile pulmonary venous blood flow in the second- and third-trimester fetus. Normative data have been established for the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-31
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

fetuses
blood flow
Fetus
veins
Pulmonary Veins
Lung
pregnancy
Gestational Age
lungs
Third Pregnancy Trimester
Second Pregnancy Trimester
Pregnancy
color
heart rate
Color
flow visualization
Fetal Heart Rate
waveforms
flow velocity
recording

Keywords

  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Fetus
  • Pregnancy
  • Pulmonary veins
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Paladini, D., Palmieri, S., Celentano, E., Guida, F., Salviati, M., Morra, T., & Martinelli, P. (1997). Pulmonary venous blood flow in the human fetus. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 10(1), 27-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0705.1997.10010027.x

Pulmonary venous blood flow in the human fetus. / Paladini, D.; Palmieri, S.; Celentano, E.; Guida, F.; Salviati, M.; Morra, T.; Martinelli, P.

In: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1997, p. 27-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Paladini, D, Palmieri, S, Celentano, E, Guida, F, Salviati, M, Morra, T & Martinelli, P 1997, 'Pulmonary venous blood flow in the human fetus', Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 27-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0705.1997.10010027.x
Paladini, D. ; Palmieri, S. ; Celentano, E. ; Guida, F. ; Salviati, M. ; Morra, T. ; Martinelli, P. / Pulmonary venous blood flow in the human fetus. In: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1997 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 27-31.
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