Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a tumor-associated embryonic molecule whose precise biological function remains unclear. A complete definition of the physiological activities of this oncofetal protein has been severely limited, until now, by the lack of a purification procedure appropriate to obtain pure AFP in appreciable amount. The present report describes a purification procedure extremely rapid and simple and takes advantage of the well-known fact that AFP contains copper. We have developed a single-step purification procedure by immobilized copper-chelate affinity chromatography using the culture medium from human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2 grown in the absence of serum. This method yields AFP at high purity and high yield. Purified AFP amino acid sequence, molecular mass, carbohydrate structure, and copper content were found to be in line with previous studies. Moreover, we found that the purified AFP has superoxide dismutase activity with efficiency similar to that of the native Cu, Zn SODs at physiological pH. This result may provide further support to the idea that AFP is a bifunctional protein, acting in cellular defence against oxidative stress both as a copper buffer and as a superoxide radical scavenger.
- Human hepatoblastoma
- Serum-free medium
- Superoxide dismutase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)