Purification and characterization of single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (pro-urokinase) from human A431 cells

A. Corti, M. L. Nolli, A. Soffientini, G. Cassani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (A431sc-uPA) was purified ~ 18,000-fold from A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cell supernatants by monoclonal antibody immunoaffinity chromatography on 5B4-agarose and ion-exchange FPLC (overall yield 63%). More than 100 μg of A431sc-uPA can be recovered per liter of supernatant. The product is homogeneous by SDS-PAGE and reverse phase FPLC analysis while two main isoelectric forms of pI 9.05 and pI 9.20 were observed by IEF. SDS-PAGE in reducing and non-reducing conditions, Western blot analysis and zymography showed that A431sc-uPA is a single-chain protein of about 50,000 Mr immunologically related to urokinase (uPA) and distinct from tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). The N-terminal aminoacid sequence of A431sc-uPA (27 residues) is identical to that of human kidney single-chain uPA. A431sc-uPA does not incorporate 3H-diisopropylfluorophosphate and its virtually inactive on the synthetic substrate S-2444. Plasmin treatment converts A431sc-uPA into a two-chain active form with a fibronolytic specific activity of 123,000 I.U./mg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume56
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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