Purinergic stimulation of human mesenchymal stem cells potentiates their chemotactic response to CXCL12 and increases the homing capacity and production of proinflammatory cytokines

D. Ferrari Davide, Sara Gulinelli, Valentina Salvestrini, Giovanna Lucchetti, Roberta Zini, Rossella Manfredini, Luisa Caione, Wanda Piacibello, Marilena Ciciarello, Lara Rossi, Marco Idzko, Sergio Ferrari, Francesco Di Virgilio, Roberto M. Lemoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a well-recognized mediator of cell-to-cell communication. Here we show ATP effects on bone marrow (BM)-derived human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSCs) functions. Materials and Methods: ATP-induced modification of hMSCs gene expression profile was assessed by Affymetrix technology. Clonogenic and migration assays in vitro, as well as xenotransplant experiments in vivo, were performed to evaluate the effects of ATP on hMSCs proliferation and BM homing. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to assess hMSCs cytokines production, whereas T-cell cultures demonstrated the immunoregulatory activity of ATP-treated hMSCs. Results: hMSCs were resistant to the cytotoxic effects of ATP, as demonstrated by the lack of morphological and mitochondrial changes or release of intracellular markers of cell death. Gene expression profiling revealed that ATP-stimulated hMSCs underwent a downregulation of genes involved in cell proliferation, whereas those involved in cell migration were strongly upregulated. The inhibitory activity of ATP on hMSCs proliferation was confirmed by assessing clonogenic stromal progenitors. ATP potentiated the chemotactic response of hMSCs to the chemokine CXCL12, and increased their spontaneous migration. In vivo, the homing capacity of hMSCs to the BM of immunodeficient mice was significantly increased by pretreatment with ATP. Moreover, ATP increased the production of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-2, interferon-γ, and interleukin-12p70, while decreasing the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10, and this finding was associated with the reduced ability of MSCs to inhibit T-cell proliferation. Conclusions: Our data show that purinergic signaling modulates hMSCs functions and highlights a role for extracellular nucleotides in hMSCs biology.

Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology

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