A hierarchical QSAR approach was applied for the prediction of acute aquatic toxicity. Chemical structures were encoded into molecular descriptors by an automated, seamless procedure available within the OpenMolGRID system. Finally, various linear and nonlinear regression techniques were used to obtain stable and thoroughly validated QSARs. The final model was developed by a counterpropagation neural network coupled with genetic algorithms for variable selection. The proposed QSAR is consistent with McFarland's principle for biological activity and makes use of seven molecular descriptors, namely HACA-2, HOMO-LUMO energy gap, Kier and Hall index, HA dependent HDSA-1, BETA polarizability, FHBCA fractional HBSA, and LogP. The model was extensively tested by the test set (R2 = 0.79), the y-scrambling test, and sensitivity/stability tests.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computer Science Applications
- Information Systems