Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the antibody response elicited by Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugates in adults with IgG subclass deficiencies and frequent infections

M. A. Avanzini, J. Bjorkander, R. Soderstrom, T. Soderstrom, R. Schneerson, J. B. Robbins, L. A. Hanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Twenty-one IgG subclass-deficient adult patients with repeated infections of the respiratory tract, were immunized with Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide (HibCP) covalently bound to tetanus toxoid (TT). Specific immunoglobulin and IgG subclasses to HibCP and TT were quantified; the biological activities of HibCP antibodies were also investigated. Most patients showed an antibody response similar to that observed in healthy adults, and the bactericidal activity related to the post-immunization levels of HibCP antibodies. No relation was found between immunoglobulin isotype deficiency, the clinical symptoms and the IgG subclass responsiveness, and no relation was observed between HibCP and TT antibody responses. Our data indicate that some, but not all, patients with recurrent infections and IgG subclass deficiency have an abnormal serum antibody response to polysaccharide and protein epitopes of Hib-TT conjugate vaccine. Analysis of the antibody response after vaccination with HibCP-TT conjugate vaccine did not seem to predict the clinical course of such patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-58
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume96
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Keywords

  • antibody response
  • capsular polysaccharide
  • IgG subclasses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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