Quality control study of H2 breath testing for the diagnosis of carbohydrate malabsorption in Italy

A. Strocchi, G. R. Corazza, C. Anania, G. Benati, S. Malservisi, M. V. Cherchi, M. Certo, E. Malorgio, M. Marano, V. Mazzeo, L. Ginaldi, G. M. Giorgetti, T. Pimpo, G. Sciarretta, M. Ventrucci, C. Quondamcarlo, M. A. Pelli, F. Perri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aims. H2 breath testing is increasingly used in Italy. The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the accuracy of this technique in the diagnosis of carbohydrate malabsorption. Methods. An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect information about H2 breath testing methods and to design the quality control study. Fifteen out of 23 laboratories responded to the questionnaire and 12/23 completed the entire study. Results. The survey revealed that a large variety of H2 testing methods are employed in Italy but none have been previously tested for accuracy. This prospective study showed that these tests fail to identify > 20% of patients with malabsorption. In contrast, a new method based on single H2 breath measurement at 6 hours after lactulose ingestion and a cutoff value of greater than 5 ppm, had a sensitivity of 92% ± 4% and a specificity of 94% ± 0.5%. Increasing the cut-off to 10 ppm resulted in a sensitivity of 88% ± 9% and a specificity of 100%. This improved accuracy was obtained with a much simpler testing procedure in which only one breath sample is analyzed in contrast to the baseline and multiple subsequent samples that are analyzed using the currently employed techniques. Conclusions. A great improvement in the accuracy of the H2 breath test, as well as a considerable saving in terms of time and costs, may be possible through the use of a new simplified H2 breath test followed by careful H2 analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalItalian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume29
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Quality Control
Italy
Carbohydrates
Breath Tests
Lactulose
Multicenter Studies
Eating
Prospective Studies
Costs and Cost Analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Breath test
  • Carbohydrate malabsorption
  • Hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Strocchi, A., Corazza, G. R., Anania, C., Benati, G., Malservisi, S., Cherchi, M. V., ... Perri, F. (1997). Quality control study of H2 breath testing for the diagnosis of carbohydrate malabsorption in Italy. Italian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 29(2), 122-127.

Quality control study of H2 breath testing for the diagnosis of carbohydrate malabsorption in Italy. / Strocchi, A.; Corazza, G. R.; Anania, C.; Benati, G.; Malservisi, S.; Cherchi, M. V.; Certo, M.; Malorgio, E.; Marano, M.; Mazzeo, V.; Ginaldi, L.; Giorgetti, G. M.; Pimpo, T.; Sciarretta, G.; Ventrucci, M.; Quondamcarlo, C.; Pelli, M. A.; Perri, F.

In: Italian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1997, p. 122-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Strocchi, A, Corazza, GR, Anania, C, Benati, G, Malservisi, S, Cherchi, MV, Certo, M, Malorgio, E, Marano, M, Mazzeo, V, Ginaldi, L, Giorgetti, GM, Pimpo, T, Sciarretta, G, Ventrucci, M, Quondamcarlo, C, Pelli, MA & Perri, F 1997, 'Quality control study of H2 breath testing for the diagnosis of carbohydrate malabsorption in Italy', Italian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 122-127.
Strocchi, A. ; Corazza, G. R. ; Anania, C. ; Benati, G. ; Malservisi, S. ; Cherchi, M. V. ; Certo, M. ; Malorgio, E. ; Marano, M. ; Mazzeo, V. ; Ginaldi, L. ; Giorgetti, G. M. ; Pimpo, T. ; Sciarretta, G. ; Ventrucci, M. ; Quondamcarlo, C. ; Pelli, M. A. ; Perri, F. / Quality control study of H2 breath testing for the diagnosis of carbohydrate malabsorption in Italy. In: Italian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 1997 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 122-127.
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AU - Malservisi, S.

AU - Cherchi, M. V.

AU - Certo, M.

AU - Malorgio, E.

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AU - Ginaldi, L.

AU - Giorgetti, G. M.

AU - Pimpo, T.

AU - Sciarretta, G.

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AU - Quondamcarlo, C.

AU - Pelli, M. A.

AU - Perri, F.

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