Quality of care and rehospitalization rate in the last stage of disease in brain tumor patients assisted at home: A cost effectiveness study

Andrea Pace, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Alessandra Capon, Veronica Villani, Dario Benincasa, Lara Guariglia, Maurizio Salvati, Christian Brogna, Valentino Mantini, Antonio Mastromattei, Alfredo Pompili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite aggressive multimodality treatment the prognosis of patients with primary brain tumors (BT) remains poor. At present, there are no data about the role of palliative home-care services and their impact on quality of care. We report the results of a pilot project of palliative home care for BT patients started in 2000 in the National Cancer Institute Regina Elena of Rome. We report also the result of a cost/effectiveness analysis utilizing administrative data on re-hospitalization rate in the last two months of life. Methods: Since October 2000 until December 2009, 572 patients have been followed by our home care staff. Among 394 patients who died, 276 (70%) were followed at home until death. A cost/effectiveness analysis was carried out evaluating the rehospitalization rate in the last 2 months of life in a subgroup of patients (group 1 assisted at home, 72 patients; group 2 not assisted at home, 71). The number of hospital readmission in the last 2 months of life, and length and cost of hospitalization were retrospectively analyzed from hospital discharge records. Results: Hospitalization rate of group 1 (16.7%) was lower than group 2 (38%) (95% CI: 0.18-0.65, p=0.001). Costs of hospitalization also differed substantially: 517 £ (95% CI: 512-522) in represent an alternative to in-hospital care for the management of brain tumor patients and may improve the end-of-life quality of care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-227
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Palliative Medicine
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
  • Nursing(all)

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