Quality of life and functional evaluation in patients with tongue base tumors treated exclusively with transoral robotic surgery: A 1-year follow-up study

Giuseppe Mercante, Alessandra Masiello, Isabella Sperduti, Giovanni Cristalli, Raul Pellini, Giuseppe Spriano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background To evaluate quality-of-life (QoL), swallowing and voice in patients with base of tongue (BOT) tumors treated with transoral robotic surgery (TORS) alone without any adjuvant treatment. Methods The study was a prospective, single-center cohort trial. Swallowing, QoL and voice were evaluated in 13 patients with T1 or T2 oropharyngeal carcinomas of the BOT. Patients underwent evaluation using the following: a dysphagia score (DS); fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation-of-swallowing with the penetration aspiration scale (PAS); the MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI); and the Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10). Results Subjective (DS) and objective (PAS) evaluation of swallowing produced mean scores of 1.08, 2.23 and 1.46 before surgery and at 6 and 12 months after surgery, respectively, for both tests. A significant difference was found when comparing DS and PAS data at baseline and 6 months after surgery; while no difference was observed between the baseline and 12 months after surgery. The mean values of the MDADI and VHI scores recorded before surgery, and at 6 and 12 months after surgery did not show any statistical difference. Conclusions Objective swallowing deterioration in the first 6 months after TORS alone for BOT tumors was possible, but complete recovery of deglutition was observed within 12 months. No changes were reported in the patients' self-perceived status of swallowing and voice dysfunction, and related QoL after 1 year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1561-1566
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Base of tongue
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Quality of life
  • Swallowing
  • TORS
  • Trans-oral robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

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