Quality of life and social integration after traumatic brain injury: A two-year follow-up

M. Franceschini, I. Perdon, G. Bertagnoni, E. Sgarabottolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. This study examined the quality of life and some aspects of social integration in a group of subjects who had suffered severe brain injury. Methods. Inclusion criteria for the study were: age at trauma greater than 5 years and survival two-years beyond treatment (minimum follow-up). After a retrospective clinical data collection, a telephone survey was carried out and this involved a question and answer format referring to different aspects of social integration and a rating system to assess life satisfaction (scale range 0-10). This survey was also extended to a close relative of the patient. A total of 78 patients (mean age was 33.2 years) were selected, but only 61 patients actually took part in the study. At follow-up several alterations in routine activities (including work/study), the use of leisure time, emotional status and the presence of pain were noted. All three subscales utilized for assessing functional capacities reached values greater than 6 in a consistent number of cases. Results. The results of the study demonstrated interesting correlations between both clinical data and the answers to the questionnaire. A particularly significant correlation was found between questionnaire items and the evaluation made by the patient's relative. Conclusions. This meant that the questionnaire utilized was more indicative of the patient's well-being as observed by a relative rather than the patient him or herself.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-201
Number of pages13
JournalEuropa Medicophysica
Volume34
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Handicap
  • Quality of life
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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