OBJECTIVE: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) parameters in patients who received radical cystectomy (RC) with ileal orthotopic neobladder (IONB) reconstruction and to identify clinic-pathologic predictors of HRQoL.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2013, a multicenter, retrospective on 174 RC-IONB patients was carried out. All patients completed the following questionnaires: the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) generic (QLQ-C30) and bladder cancer-specific instruments (QLQ-BLM30) and the IONB-Patient Reported Outcome (IONB-PRO). Univariate and multivariate analyses were computed to identify clinic-pathologic predictors of HRQoL.
RESULTS: Median age was 66 years (range, 31-83), and 91.4% of patients were men. Median follow-up period was 37 months (range, 3-247). The EORTC QLQ-C30 revealed that age >65 years, absence of urinary incontinence, and absence of peripheral vascular disease were independent predictors of deteriorated body image. A follow-up > 36 months and the presence of urinary incontinence were independent predictors of worsened urinary symptoms, whereas the absence of urinary incontinence was an independent predictor of a worsened body image according to EORTC QLQ-BLM30 results. A follow-up >36 months and the absence of urinary incontinence were independent predictors of better functioning in terms of relational life, emotional life, and fatigue as revealed by the IONB-PRO.
CONCLUSION: Age, presence of urinary incontinence, length of follow-up, and comorbidity status may influence postoperative HRQoL and should all be taken into account when counseling RC-IONB patients.
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