Quality of life in Parkinson's disease - patient, clinical and research perspectives

Fabrizio Stocchi, Pablo Martínez-Martin, Heinz Reichmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) has a severely negative impact on the quality of life (QoL) of patients and their caregivers. Health-related QoL (HRQoL) is a patient-reported component of QoL that includes physical, mental and social domains and in PD is an increasingly important part of patient monitoring. HRQoL in PD is assessed using a range of different generic (e.g. Short Form-36) and PD-specific (e.g. 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire) instruments/questionnaires. It is important that HRQoL is regularly determined in patients with PD to identify determinants of their HRQoL deterioration and appropriately manage them. The perspectives of PD patients, clinicians and researchers, however, can be different. In PD, motor symptoms such as slowness or tremor are the most visible manifestations of the disease and these tend to be concentrated on by doctors. PD patients, however, are likely to also have a range of non-motor symptoms such as nocturia, urinary frequency, fatigue, drooling and forgetfulness, which can be more troubling than motor symptoms. These can increase distress and social isolation but are often unreported or overlooked. In addition, morning akinesia and wearing-off phenomena may cause additional difficulty. However, these symptoms and patient concerns can be readily identified using simple HRQoL measures. The management of PD should therefore take into account patient, clinical and research perspectives of HRQoL in order to recognise and adequately address the consequences of motor and non-motor symptoms in PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Neurological Review
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Assessment scales
  • Clinical perspective
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Patient perspective
  • Research perspective

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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