Quality of life in patients with pemphigus receiving adjuvant therapy

A. Paradisi, G. Cianchini, F. Lupi, C. Di Pietro, F. Sampogna, B. Didona, C. Pagliarello, S. Tabolli, D. Abeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. Pemphigus has a strong effect on patients' quality of life (QOL). Aim. To analyze QOL and psychological well-being within patient groups, subdivided according to their different adjuvant treatments. Methods. All adult patients with pemphigus enrolled in the study were assessed using the Short Form (SF)-36, the Skindex-29, and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)-12 for health status, effect of dermatology-specific aspects, and the presence of psychological comorbidity, respectively. The study population was subdivided into the following treatment groups: (i) those who were untreated or were treated only with corticosteroids (CS) at a dose of ≤ 5 mg/day (no adjuvant treatment, NAT); and patients receiving or not receiving CS ≤ 5 mg/day who also received either (ii) azathioprine (AZ), (iii) cyclophosphamide (CY), (iv) mycophenolate mofetil (MM) or (v) rituximab (RTX). Results. In total, 113 patients were recruited. There were no significant differences between the treatment subgroups in either the SF-36 or Skindex-29 results. However, for the GHQ, there were large differences in QOL scores between patients scoring > 4 points (GHQ+) and those scoring <4 points (GHQ-), especially for the more 'physical' components of QOL. The overall observed proportion of GHQ+ patients was 33.6%. Conclusions. We found no significant differences in QOL impairment between the treatment subgroups; however, we observed a strong association between psychiatric morbidity and poorer QOL within each of the treatment groups. This should be of concern for dermatologists, as psychiatric morbidity is associated with poor treatment adherence and dissatisfaction with care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)626-630
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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