Introduction: Hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis is a rare, fatal, multisystem disease leading to deteriorating quality of life (QOL). The impact of patisiran on QOL in patients with hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy from the phase 3 APOLLO study (NCT01960348) is evaluated. Methods: Patients received either patisiran 0.3 mg/kg (n = 148) or placebo (n = 77) intravenously once every three weeks for 18 months. Multiple measures were used to assess varying aspects of QOL. Results: At 18 months, compared with placebo, patisiran improved Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy (Norfolk QOL-DN) score; (least squares [LS] mean difference: −21.1; p = 1.10 × 10−10; improved across all domains), EuroQoL 5-dimensions 5-levels (LS mean difference: 0.2; p = 1.4 × 10−12), EuroQoL-visual analog scale (LS mean difference: 9.5; p=.0004), Rasch-built Overall Disability Scale (LS mean difference: 9.0; p = 4.07 × 10−16) and Composite Autonomic Symptom Score-31(COMPASS-31; LS mean difference: −7.5; p=.0008). Placebo-treated patients experienced rapid QOL deterioration; treatment effects for patisiran were observed as early as 9 months. At 18 months, patisiran improved Norfolk QOL-DN total score and three individual domains as well as COMPASS-31 total scores relative to baseline. Consistent benefits were also observed in the cardiac subpopulation. Conclusion: The benefits of patisiran across all QOL measures and the rapid deterioration observed with placebo, highlight the urgency in early treatment for patients with hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy.
- hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis
- Norfolk QOL-DN
- quality of life
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine