Quality of life, postoperative pain, and lymph node dissection in a robotic approach compared to vats and open for early stage lung cancer

Pierluigi Novellis, Patrick Maisonneuve, Elisa Dieci, Emanuele Voulaz, Edoardo Bottoni, Sara Di Stefano, Michela Solinas, Alberto Testori, Umberto Cariboni, Marco Alloisio, Giulia Veronesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compare the perioperative course, postoperative pain, and quality-of-life (QOL) in patients undergoing anatomic resections of early-stage lung cancer by means of robotic surgery (RATS), video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), or muscle-sparing thoracotomy (OPEN); 169 consecutive patients with known/suspected lung cancer, candidates to anatomic resection, were enrolled in a single-center prospective study from April 2016 to December 2018. EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 scores were obtained preoperatively and, at three time points, postoperatively. RATS and VATS groups were matched for ASA scores, while RATS and open surgery were matched for gender, ASA score, cancer stage, and tumor size; 58 patients underwent open surgery, 58 had VATS, and 53 had RATS. Hospital stay was shorter after RATS than OPEN (median 4.5 versus 5; p = 0.047). Comparing matched RATS and VATS groups, the number of hilar lymph nodes and nodal stations removed was significantly higher in the former approach (p = 0.01 vs. p < 0.0001); conversely, pain at 2 weeks was slightly lower after VATS (p = 0.004). No significant difference was observed in conversions, complications, duration of surgery, and postoperative hospitalization. The robotic approach was superior to OPEN in terms of QOL, pain, and length of postoperative stay and showed improved lymph node dissection compared to VATS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1687
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2021

Keywords

  • Early stage
  • Lung cancer
  • Postoperative pain
  • Quality of life
  • Robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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