Qualità della crescita post-dimissione in prematuri nati piccoli per età gestazionale: studio esplorativo.

Translated title of the contribution: Quality of post-discharge growth in small for gestational age preterm infants: an explorative study

E. Taroni, N. Liotto, A. Orsi, P. Piemontese, O. Amato, L. Morlacchi, F. Mosca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The Preterm newborns, especially if born small for gestational age (SGA), appear to be at risk for developing post-natal growth failure and an altered body composition. Nutrition-related growth during a critical window in infancy may affect the development of metabolic syndrome in adult life. Aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the post-discharge period is critical for programming the catch up growth and the later development of metabolic syndrome in small for gestational-age infants fed either standard or enriched formula. METHODS: A clinic randomized explorative study was conducted. Twenty-seven preterm SGA infants (gestational age <or = 33 weeks; birth weight <or = 1500 g) underwent assessment of growth and body composition by means of an air displacement system at 36 weeks, 15 days and 1 months adjusted age. SGA infants were randomized to receive standard formula (Kcal: 67/100 ml, proteins: 1,4 g/100 ml) or enriched formula (Kcal: 75/100 ml, proteins: 2 g/100 ml) after discharge. RESULTS: No differences in weight, fat mass, length and head circumference were found in SGA infants fed standard formula as compared to those fed enriched formula at 15 day or 1 months adjusted age. CONCLUSIONS: This explorative study suggests that in SGA infants growth, both in terms of quantity and quality, is not influenced by different nutritional management during the early post-discharge period.

Translated title of the contributionQuality of post-discharge growth in small for gestational age preterm infants: an explorative study
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)121-125
Number of pages5
JournalPediatria Medica e Chirurgica
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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