OBJECTIVES: The Preterm newborns, especially if born small for gestational age (SGA), appear to be at risk for developing post-natal growth failure and an altered body composition. Nutrition-related growth during a critical window in infancy may affect the development of metabolic syndrome in adult life. Aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the post-discharge period is critical for programming the catch up growth and the later development of metabolic syndrome in small for gestational-age infants fed either standard or enriched formula. METHODS: A clinic randomized explorative study was conducted. Twenty-seven preterm SGA infants (gestational age <or = 33 weeks; birth weight <or = 1500 g) underwent assessment of growth and body composition by means of an air displacement system at 36 weeks, 15 days and 1 months adjusted age. SGA infants were randomized to receive standard formula (Kcal: 67/100 ml, proteins: 1,4 g/100 ml) or enriched formula (Kcal: 75/100 ml, proteins: 2 g/100 ml) after discharge. RESULTS: No differences in weight, fat mass, length and head circumference were found in SGA infants fed standard formula as compared to those fed enriched formula at 15 day or 1 months adjusted age. CONCLUSIONS: This explorative study suggests that in SGA infants growth, both in terms of quantity and quality, is not influenced by different nutritional management during the early post-discharge period.
|Translated title of the contribution||Quality of post-discharge growth in small for gestational age preterm infants: an explorative study|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica|
|Publication status||Published - May 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health