Quality of vision index: A new method to appraise visual function changes in age-related macular degeneration

Stefano Piemarocchi, Monica Varano, Mariacristina Parravano, Francesco Oddone, Mauro Sartore, Roberto Ferrara, Francesco Sera, Gianni Virgili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE. To explore the correlation between psychophysical measures of visual function and vision-related quality of life (QOL) in exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and to obtain a new quality of vision index expressed as corrected visual acuity (cVA) that is scaled like visual acuity (VA), but that incorporates the weighted contribution of VA, contrast sensitivity (CS), and reading ability. METHODS. Visual acuity, CS, and reading ability were measured in 293 patients with AMD in this multicenter prospective study. Vision-related QOL was quantified by the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25). The validity of the questionnaire was assessed using Rasch analysis. The relationship between psychophysical tests and NEI-VFQ-25 scores was investigated. A cVA index was developed integrating Rasch-scaled NEI-VFQ-25 score with VA, CS, and reading ability as a tool to be used for evaluating vision-related QOL on the same scale as VA. RESULTS. A total of 27.5% of the variability of VFQ score was found to be explained by VA alone in patients with AMD. The proportion of Rasch-scaled QOL estimate variance explained by cVA was 33.2% as compared to 27.5% explained by VA and 24.5% by CS, which was a statistically significant improvement in both cases (p=0.015 and p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-66
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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