Quantification of wear and deformation in different configurations of polyethylene acetabular cups using micro x-ray computed tomography

Saverio Affatato, Filippo Zanini, Simone Carmignato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Wear is currently quantified as mass loss of the bearing materials measured using gravimetric methods. However, this method does not provide other information, such as volumetric loss or surface deviation. In this work, we validated a technique to quantify polyethylene wear in three different batches of ultrahigh-molecular-polyethylene acetabular cups used for hip implants using nondestructive microcomputed tomography. Three different configurations of polyethylene acetabular cups, previously tested under the ISO 14242 parameters, were tested on a hip simulator for an additional 2 million cycles using a modified ISO 14242 load waveform. In this context, a new approach was proposed in order to simulate, on a hip joint simulator, high-demand activities. In addition, the effects of these activities were analyzed in terms of wear and deformations of those polyethylenes by means of gravimetric method and micro X-ray computed tomography. In particular, while the gravimetric method was used for weight loss assessment, microcomputed tomography allowed for acquisition of additional quantitative information about the evolution of local wear and deformation through three-dimensional surface deviation maps for the entire cups' surface. Experimental results showed that the wear and deformation behavior of these materials change according to different mechanical simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number259
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • polyethylene
  • Cross-linked PE
  • Daily activity
  • Hip simulator
  • Standard PE
  • Vitamin-E doped PE
  • μCT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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