Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the activity quantification of single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT-CT) 90Y-Bremsstrahlung images and to validate the S-voxel method. Methods: An anthropomorphic torso phantom with radioactive inserts (90Y) was acquired by SPECT-CT. Constant calibration factors (cps/MBq) for the quantification were evaluated, considering different volume, shape, position inside the phantom, activity concentration and background, and distance from detectors. S-voxel values (EGSnrc) were implemented in MATLAB R0086 USA software. Dose comparisons between S-voxel and the conventional Medical Internal Radiation Dose method were repeated in a group of 11 patients administered with 90Y-DOTATATE. Results: Using the appropriate calibration factors to recover the volume variability, the error about the measurement repeatability and the activity variation was within 4%. The variability of activity quantification, depending on the position in the phantom, detector distance, and background, was 90Y-Bremsstrahlung images and the generation of three-dmensional dose distributions are feasible. The improved analysis of Bremsstrahlung images could have a notable clinical impact, allowing to address the dosimetric verification to patients during the course of therapy.
- Y-radionuclide therapy
- Bremsstrahlung image quantification
- Dose-volume histogram (DVH)
- Voxel dosimetry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging