Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of blood salvaged after extracorporeal circulation (ECC) in paediatric heart surgery: Study of biochemical, morphological and structural variations of RBC after ECC and after salvaging of ECC circuit priming blood

G. Calza, L. Zannini, F. Lerzo, P. Nitti, S. Mangraviti, P. Perutelli, M. Porlezza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The salvaging of ECC circuit priming blood is essential for reducing the morbidity related to homologous blood transfusions and the importance of this technique is inversely proportionate to the age and weight of the child. In infants, the washing and centrifugation of blood not only drastically reduce the risk of contracting blood-transmitted diseases and cut management costs, but are also of considerable hemodynamic importance, producing a rapid normalization of the patient's hematocrit and hemoglobin and balancing the O 2 consumption/demand ratio. The marketing of miniaturized salvaging devices with 55 ml bowls by Dideco has made possible the recovery of small quantities of blood, so as to normalise the hematic crisis and permit the application of total hemodilution in low-weight patients. The salvaged blood shows an average hematocrit of 52.7±9.7% (max 68.1%) and an average hemoglobin of 17.6±2.9 g/dl (max 20.7 g/dl), and maintains its structural components, osmotic resistance, concentration of intraerythrocytic hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin all intact. Washing with isoosmotic and isoionic hydroelectrolytic solutions normalizes the ionic situation in the post-operative period and activated blood salvaging after Extracorporeal Circulation. The use of solutions without nutritional substances results however in a considerable fall in the number of enzymes in the intraerythrocytic metabolic glucide chain (G 6PDH: -40.7±14.3% p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-406
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume23
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Child
  • Extracorporeal circulation
  • Hemostasis
  • Human
  • Infant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

Cite this