In recent years the interactions between lipoxygenase enzymes present in platelets and leukocytes, resulting in the transcellular biosynthesis of eicosanoids, have been discovered and their relevance in thrombotic and inflammatory disorders recognized. However, attention has focused on the synthesis of novel products, not normally formed by the single-cell population. Less information is available on the changes in hydroxyacid formation during platelet-neutrophil interactions. In this study, we evaluated the quantitative changes of the levels of 12- and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids, leukotriene B4, and thromboxane B2 occurring during the incubation of plateletneutrophil mixed suspensions stimulated with the calcium ionophore A23187. Cell-to-cell interaction resulted in quantitative changes of the level of hydroxyacids; in mixed platelet-neutrophil suspensions, the levels of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid were significantly increased with respect to those measured in platelets incubated alone. The amount of 5-hydroxyelcosatetraenoic acid formed by neutrophils was significantly decreased by the presence of platelets in the incubation medium. In addition, a slight but significant reduction in leukotriene B4 synthesis was observed. Concomitantly with these changes, the formation of thromboxane B2 by platelets was modified, indicating that-besides the lipoxygenase pathway-the arachidonic acid metabolism by cyclooxygenase is affected. Our study demonstrates that in mixed platelet-neutrophil suspensions profound quantitative modifications in hydroxyacid and thromboxane synthesis occur, indicating that the overall balance of arachidonic acid products may be altered in pathologic conditions in which early events of multicellular origin have been recognized.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine