Quantitative comparison between the commercial software STRATOS®by Philips and a homemade software for voxel-dosimetry in radiopeptide therapy

E. Grassi, F. Fioroni, V. Ferri, E. Mezzenga, M. A. Sarti, T. Paulus, N. Lanconelli, A. Filice, A. Versari, M. Iori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Targeted radionuclide therapy is a rapidly growing modality. A few commercial treatment planning systems are entering the market. However, some in-house systems are currently developed for a more flexible and customized dosimetry calculation at voxel-level. For this purpose, we developed a novel software, VoxelMed, and performed a comparison with the software STRATOS. Methods: The validation of both of them was undertaken using radioactive phantoms with different volume inserts. A cohort of 10 patients was also studied after a therapeutic administration of 177Lu-labelled radiopeptides. The activity, number of disintegrations, absorbed dose and dose-volume histogram (DVH) were calculated for the phantoms and the kidneys in patients, which were the main critical organs at risk in this study. Results: In phantoms the absorbed doses computed with VoxelMed and STRATOS agree within 5%. In patients at the voxel-level the absorbed dose to kidneys (VoxelMed: mean 0.66Gy/GBq) showed a limited difference of 5%, but with a remarkable range (-40%,+60%) between the two software packages. Voxel-dosimetry allows to estimate the dose non-homogeneities in volumes, which may be evaluated through DVHs. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that a fully 3D voxel-dosimetry with multiple SPECT images is feasible by using home-made or commercial software package and absorbed dose results obtained are similar. The main difference between the studied tools was observed in the activity integration method (effective vs physical half-time to time activity curve tail). We believe that an effective half-time integration method produces a more accurate approximation of clinical uptake and resultant dosimetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica Medica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Dose distribution
  • Dosimetry
  • DVH
  • Radionuclide therapy
  • Voxel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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