Quantitative evaluation of Alzheimer's disease

S. Duchesne, G. B. Frisoni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We propose a single, quantitative metric called the disease evaluation factor (DEF) and assess its efficiency at estimating disease burden in normal, control subjects (CTRL) and probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The study group consisted in 75 patients with a diagnosis of probable AD and 75 age-matched normal CTRL without neurological or neuropsychological deficit. We calculated a reference eigenspace of MRI appearance from reference data, in which our CTRL and probable AD subjects were projected. We then calculated the multi-dimensional hyperplane separating the CTRL and probable AD groups. The DEF was estimated via a multidimensional weighted distance of eigencoordinates for a given subject and the CTRL group mean, along salient principal components forming the separating hyperplane. We used quantile plots, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and ?2 tests to compare the DEF values and test that their distribution was normal. We used a linear discriminant test to separate CTRL from probable AD based on the DEF factor, and reached an accuracy of 87%. A quantitative biomarker in AD would act as an important surrogate marker of disease status and progression.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume7260
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventMedical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Feb 10 2009Feb 12 2009

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period2/10/092/12/09

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Biomarker
  • Computational neuroanatomy
  • MRI
  • Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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  • Cite this

    Duchesne, S., & Frisoni, G. B. (2009). Quantitative evaluation of Alzheimer's disease. In Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE (Vol. 7260). [726013] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.810804