Quantitative, functional MRI and neurophysiological markers in a case of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome

Silvia Marino, Rosa Morabito, S De Salvo, L Bonanno, A Bramanti, P Pollicino, R Giorgianni, Placido Bramanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) is an inherited autosomal dominant prion disease, caused by a codon 102 proline to leucine substitution (P102L) in the prion protein gene (PRNP). We describe the case of a 40-year-old male, affected by a slowly progressive gait disturbance, leg weakness and cognitive impairment. Genomic DNA revealed a point mutation of PRNP at codon 102, resulting in P102L, and the diagnosis of GSS was confirmed. Somatosensory evoked potentials showed alterations of principal parameters, particularly in the right upper and lower limbs. Laser-evoked potentials were indicative of nociceptive system impairment, especially in the right upper and lower limbs. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed marked atrophy of the vermis and cerebellar hemispheres and mild atrophy of the middle cerebellar peduncles and brainstem, as confirmed by a brain volume automatic analysis. Resting-state functional MRI showed increased functional connectivity in the bilateral visual cortex, and decreased functional connectivity in the bilateral frontal pole and supramarginal and precentral gyrus. Albeit limited to a single case, this is the first study to assess structural and functional connectivity in GSS using a multimodal approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalFunctional Neurology
Volume32
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 19 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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