Quit attempts and smoking cessation in Italian adults (25-64 years): factors associated with attempts and successes

PASSI Working Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Over the past 50 years there was a substantial decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Italy. The objective of this work is to describe attempts to quit and cessation success in Italian smokers.

Methods: A surveillance on health-related behaviors (PASSI) was conducted in 2007-13 on a sample of 203 610 Italian adults 25-64 years of age. An analysis of smokers' characteristics and behaviors was performed, focusing on attempts to quit and quit success. Data from national surveys (ISTAT) from 1983 to 2013 (Italian adults, 25-64 years of age, 1983: 46 634; 1987: 40 915; 1990: 36 622; 2000: 77 531; 2005: 71 032; 2013: 64 205) were used to explore if a cessation trend in Italy exists.

Results: Smokers who quit in the previous year and were still abstinent when interviewed increased from 1990 to 2013. In the years 2011-13, 38% of people who had smoked in the last 12 months reported at least a quit attempt during the same period and 7% were still abstinent when interviewed. An association of successful recent quit attempts with higher educational level, absence of economic difficulties and younger age was found. In the years 2007-13, the great majority tried to stop unaided. Having received assistance from a cessation program did not increase the probability of enduring abstinence.

Conclusions: In Italy interventions to drive more smokers to quit should be focused in particular on disadvantaged groups. Initiatives have to be studied not only to incentive more smokers to try to quit, but also to maintain abstinence over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-722
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
Italy
Vulnerable Populations
Motivation
Smoking
Economics
Health

Cite this

Quit attempts and smoking cessation in Italian adults (25-64 years) : factors associated with attempts and successes. / PASSI Working Group.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.08.2017, p. 717-722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cbc5c77b6565486a9a52582794505213,
title = "Quit attempts and smoking cessation in Italian adults (25-64 years): factors associated with attempts and successes",
abstract = "Background: Over the past 50 years there was a substantial decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Italy. The objective of this work is to describe attempts to quit and cessation success in Italian smokers.Methods: A surveillance on health-related behaviors (PASSI) was conducted in 2007-13 on a sample of 203 610 Italian adults 25-64 years of age. An analysis of smokers' characteristics and behaviors was performed, focusing on attempts to quit and quit success. Data from national surveys (ISTAT) from 1983 to 2013 (Italian adults, 25-64 years of age, 1983: 46 634; 1987: 40 915; 1990: 36 622; 2000: 77 531; 2005: 71 032; 2013: 64 205) were used to explore if a cessation trend in Italy exists.Results: Smokers who quit in the previous year and were still abstinent when interviewed increased from 1990 to 2013. In the years 2011-13, 38{\%} of people who had smoked in the last 12 months reported at least a quit attempt during the same period and 7{\%} were still abstinent when interviewed. An association of successful recent quit attempts with higher educational level, absence of economic difficulties and younger age was found. In the years 2007-13, the great majority tried to stop unaided. Having received assistance from a cessation program did not increase the probability of enduring abstinence.Conclusions: In Italy interventions to drive more smokers to quit should be focused in particular on disadvantaged groups. Initiatives have to be studied not only to incentive more smokers to try to quit, but also to maintain abstinence over time.",
author = "{PASSI Working Group} and Alessandro Coppo and Sandro Baldissera and Alessandro Migliardi and Valentina Minardi and Elisa Quarchioni and Gianluigi Ferrante and {Dal Molin}, Alberto and Fabrizio Faggiano",
note = "{\circledC} The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/ckw262",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "717--722",
journal = "European Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1101-1262",
publisher = "NLM (Medline)",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quit attempts and smoking cessation in Italian adults (25-64 years)

T2 - factors associated with attempts and successes

AU - PASSI Working Group

AU - Coppo, Alessandro

AU - Baldissera, Sandro

AU - Migliardi, Alessandro

AU - Minardi, Valentina

AU - Quarchioni, Elisa

AU - Ferrante, Gianluigi

AU - Dal Molin, Alberto

AU - Faggiano, Fabrizio

N1 - © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - Background: Over the past 50 years there was a substantial decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Italy. The objective of this work is to describe attempts to quit and cessation success in Italian smokers.Methods: A surveillance on health-related behaviors (PASSI) was conducted in 2007-13 on a sample of 203 610 Italian adults 25-64 years of age. An analysis of smokers' characteristics and behaviors was performed, focusing on attempts to quit and quit success. Data from national surveys (ISTAT) from 1983 to 2013 (Italian adults, 25-64 years of age, 1983: 46 634; 1987: 40 915; 1990: 36 622; 2000: 77 531; 2005: 71 032; 2013: 64 205) were used to explore if a cessation trend in Italy exists.Results: Smokers who quit in the previous year and were still abstinent when interviewed increased from 1990 to 2013. In the years 2011-13, 38% of people who had smoked in the last 12 months reported at least a quit attempt during the same period and 7% were still abstinent when interviewed. An association of successful recent quit attempts with higher educational level, absence of economic difficulties and younger age was found. In the years 2007-13, the great majority tried to stop unaided. Having received assistance from a cessation program did not increase the probability of enduring abstinence.Conclusions: In Italy interventions to drive more smokers to quit should be focused in particular on disadvantaged groups. Initiatives have to be studied not only to incentive more smokers to try to quit, but also to maintain abstinence over time.

AB - Background: Over the past 50 years there was a substantial decrease in the prevalence of smoking in Italy. The objective of this work is to describe attempts to quit and cessation success in Italian smokers.Methods: A surveillance on health-related behaviors (PASSI) was conducted in 2007-13 on a sample of 203 610 Italian adults 25-64 years of age. An analysis of smokers' characteristics and behaviors was performed, focusing on attempts to quit and quit success. Data from national surveys (ISTAT) from 1983 to 2013 (Italian adults, 25-64 years of age, 1983: 46 634; 1987: 40 915; 1990: 36 622; 2000: 77 531; 2005: 71 032; 2013: 64 205) were used to explore if a cessation trend in Italy exists.Results: Smokers who quit in the previous year and were still abstinent when interviewed increased from 1990 to 2013. In the years 2011-13, 38% of people who had smoked in the last 12 months reported at least a quit attempt during the same period and 7% were still abstinent when interviewed. An association of successful recent quit attempts with higher educational level, absence of economic difficulties and younger age was found. In the years 2007-13, the great majority tried to stop unaided. Having received assistance from a cessation program did not increase the probability of enduring abstinence.Conclusions: In Italy interventions to drive more smokers to quit should be focused in particular on disadvantaged groups. Initiatives have to be studied not only to incentive more smokers to try to quit, but also to maintain abstinence over time.

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckw262

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckw262

M3 - Article

C2 - 28108591

VL - 27

SP - 717

EP - 722

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 4

ER -