Radial and staggered treatment patterns to correct hyperopia using noncontact holmium: YAG laser thermal keratoplasty

P. Vinciguerra, T. Kohnen, M. Azzolini, P. Radice, D. Epstein, D. D. Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The compare the effects of two treatment patterns in the correction of hyperopia by noncontact holmium:YAG laser thermal keratoplasty (LTK). Setting: Divisione Oculistica, Ospedale S. Gerardo, Monza, Italy. Methods: Using two treatment patterns, we performed noncontact LTK in one session in 16 eyes of 8 patient with isometropic hyperopic refractive errors; mean preoperative subjective cycloplegic refraction was +4.90 diopters (D) ± 1.17 (SD). The treatment consisted of 24 spots in three concentric rings of eight spots each; ring diameters were 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0 mm, respectively. Each spot received seven pulses of laser energy at 30 mJ/pulse. We treated one eye of each patient with a radial pattern (the spots of the three rings aligned on the eight semimeridians) and the fellow eye with a staggered pattern (the spots of the contiguous rings at 22.5 degrees from each other). Follow-up at 1, 15, 30, 90, 180, and 360 days included subjective cycloplegic refraction, uncorrected (UCVA) and spectacle-corrected visual acuity (SCVA), computerized videokeratography (CVK), and Scheimpflug camera examination. Results: One year postoperatively, the mean subjective cycloplegic refraction was +2.75 ± 1.6 D in the eyes treated with the radial pattern and +3.40 ± 1.6 D in those treated with the staggered pattern; the mean change in subjective cycloplegic refraction was 2.15 and 1.50 D, respectively. Mean UCVA improved by five lines in the radial group and by four lines in the staggered group. Mean SCVA returned to preoperative levels by day 15 in the radial group and at 1 year in the staggered group; at 1 year, SCVA improved by one line in the radial group and remain unchanged in the staggered group. No eye lost one or more lines of SCVA. Refractive astigmatism was essentially unchanged in both groups. Scheimpflug photography and CVK indicated larger and more uniform corrected zones in the radial group. Conclusions: Radial and staggered patterns effectively corrected low hyperopia, although both were subject to a certain amount of regression. The radial pattern produced faster postoperative recovery of SCVA and demonstrated greater refractive stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-30
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Volume24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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