Radiation risks knowledge in resident and fellow in paediatrics: A questionnaire survey

Sergio Salerno, Paola Marchese, Andrea Magistrelli, Paolo Tomà, Domenica Matranga, Massimo Midiri, Alberto G. Ugazio, Giovanni Corsello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Analyse through a multi-choice anonymous questionnaire the knowledge's level in paediatric residents and fellows in two different main Italian hospital, looking mainly to the information to patients and relatives related to risks of ionizing radiation used in common radiological investigations in children. Methods: 65 multi choice questionnaires were distributed to paediatric residents and fellows of two different hospitals, an University Hospital (A.O.U.P. "P. Giaccone"- University of Palermo) and a national reference centre for paediatrics (Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù - Rome). The questionnaire included twelve multiple-choice questions with the aim of analyzing the knowledge about ionizing radiation related risks in infants and children who undergo common diagnostic radiology investigations. The data obtained were processed using software Stata/MP version 11.2. In order to measure the level of expertise of each interviewee a binary indicator was built. The value 1 was assigned if the percentage of correct answers exceeds the median of the distribution and 0 for values not exceeding the median. The association between the level of competence and demographic characteristics (gender, age) and training experience was measured by means of α2 test. Results: 51/65 questionnaires were completed, returned and analysed (87.7%). Only 18 surveyed (35%), (95% IC=[22%-48%]) can be defined as competent in radiation risk knowledge for common radiological investigations, considering the percentage of correct answers at least of 50% (sufficient knowledge was given with a minimum score of 8 correct answers out of 12). Conclusions: The study demonstrates an urgent need to implement the radiation protection knowledge in the training programme of paediatricians, that improve if just a short targeted training is performed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 22 2015

Keywords

  • Education and training
  • Paediatric fellows
  • Paediatric residents
  • Radiation protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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