Radical pleurectomy/decortication followed by high dose of radiation therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma. Final results with long-term follow-up

Emilio Minatel, Marco Trovo, Jerry Polesel, Tania Baresic, Alessandra Bearz, Giovanni Franchin, Carlo Gobitti, Imad Abu Rumeileh, Annalisa Drigo, Paolo Fontana, Vittore Pagan, Mauro G. Trovo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We have previously shown the feasibility of delivering high doses of radiotherapy in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) patients who underwent radical pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) or surgical biopsy. In this report, we present the long-term results of MPM patients treated with radical P/D followed by high doses of radiotherapy. Methods and materials: Twenty consecutive MPM patients were enrolled in this prospective study and underwent radical P/D followed by high dose radiotherapy. The clinical target volume was defined as the entire hemithorax excluding the intact lung. The dose prescribed was 50. Gy in 25 fractions. Any FDG-avid areas or regions of particular concern for residual disease were given a simultaneous boost to 60. Gy. Nineteen patients received cisplatin/pemetrexed chemotherapy. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to calculate rates of overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and loco-regional control (LRC). Results: The median follow-up was of 27 months. The median OS and PFS were 33 and 29 months, respectively. The median LRC was not reached. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of OS at 2 and 3 years were 70% and 49%, respectively. The estimates of PFS at 2 and 3 years were 65% and 46%, respectively. The estimates of LRC at 2 and 3 years were 68% and 59%, respectively. The predominant pattern of failure was distant: 7 patients developed distant metastases as the first site of relapse, whereas only 3 patients experienced an isolated loco-regional recurrence. No fatal toxicity was reported. Five Grades 2-3 pneumonitis were documented. Conclusions: High dose radiation therapy following radical P/D led to excellent loco-regional control and survival results in MPM patients. A median OS of 33 months and a 3-year OS rate of 49% are among the best observed in recent studies, supporting the idea that this approach represents a concrete therapeutic option for malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
Number of pages5
JournalLung Cancer
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • IMRT
  • Intensity modulated radiation therapy
  • Malignant pleural mesothelioma
  • Pleurectomy/decortication
  • Pneumonitis
  • Tomotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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