Radiofrequency planar surface coil for magnetic resonance: When the use of a circular wire gives a noticeable advantage with respect to a flat strip conductor?

Giulio Giovannetti, Gianluigi Tiberi, Michela Tosetti, Agostino Monorchio, Nunzia Fontana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Depending on their cross-sectional shape, commonly used conductors for radiofrequency (RF) Magnetic Resonance (MR) coils can be categorized into circular wires and flat strips. Due to a more symmetrical current distribution inside conductor volume, coils constituted by wire conductors provide better overall performance in unloaded conditions with respect to the ones made of strip conductor, although wire conductors are difficult to handle for coil manufacturing and additional mechanical competencies are required. Nevertheless, the accomplishment of the best coil performance during imaging, i.e. in the presence of a sample, remains the main issue in MRI. It follows that the use of wire conductors instead of strip ones is worthwhile only if the correspondent increase in coil quality factor with sample is substantial: this is related to the ratio between sample and coil resistance. This paper proposes the application of a finite element method (FEM)-based numerical approach for separately estimating the conductor and radiative losses in planar surface loops characterized by different cross-sectional shapes (circular wire and flat strip) in conjunction with a vector potential calculation-based method for sample-induced resistance estimation. Simulation data were acquired from 5.7 to 128 MHz, for four different size loops (from 2 to 15 cm diameters), with the scope of evaluating the region in the frequency-loop diameter plane where the use of a circular wire conductor gives a noticeable advantage with respect to the flat strip in maximizing signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in MR applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-522
Number of pages5
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Volume129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • Coil losses
  • Magnetic resonance
  • Numerical methods
  • Radiofrequency coils
  • Sample losses
  • Signal-to-noise ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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